Receiving compensation for damage due to a pothole can be difficult, very difficult, but not impossible. In general, you need to meet the following conditions to have a chance at receiving compensation:
You need to know the municipal entity responsible for the road.
The municipality had to have prior notice about the pothole and had enough time to repair it.
You need evidence that the pothole caused the damage and proof of the cost to repair the damage.
You need to navigate the maze of bureaucracies to file a claim and negotiate payment.